复旦大学2007年博士研究生入学考试英语试题
【博士教育网】 发布时间:2014-4-30
 

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复旦大学2007年博士研究生入学考试英语试题

Part Ⅰ  Vocabulary and Structure 15 points

Directions There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ with a single line through the center.

1.Although the false banknotes fooled many people, they did not ______ to a close examination.

A.keep up        B.put up        C. stand up        D.look up

2.When I bent down to tie my shoelace, the seat of my trousers ______.

A.split        B.cracked        C.broke        D.holed

3.His ______ thighs were barely strong enough to support the weight of his body.

A. inanimate        B.rustic        C.malleable        D.shrunken

4.To get my travellers' cheques I had to ______ a special cheque to the bank for the total amount.

A.make for        B.make out        C.make up        D.make off

5.She described the distribution of food and medical supplies as a ______ nightmare.

A.paranoid        B.putative        C.benign        D. logistical

6.A sordid, sentimental plot unwinds, with an inevitable ______ ending.

A. mawkish        B.fateful        C.beloved        D.perfunctory

7.Despite ______ efforts by the finance minister, inflation rose to 36 points.

A.absurd        B.grimy        C.valiant        D.fraudulent

8.In ______ I wish I had thought about alternative courses of action.

A.retrospect        B.disparity        C.succession        D.dissipation

9.Psychoanalysts tend to regard both ______ and masochism as arising from childhood deprivation.

A.attachment        B.distinction        C.ingenuity        D.sadism

10.Fear showed in the eyes of the young man, while the old man looked tired and ______.

A.watery        B.wandering        C.weary        D.wearing

11.The clash between Real Madrid and Arsenal is being ______ as the match of the season.

A. harbinger        B.allured        C.congested        D.lodged

12.What he told me was a ______ of downright lies.

A.load        B.mob        C.pack        D.flock

13.We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are ______.

A.out of work        B. out of stock        C.out of reach        D.out of practice

14.______ I realized the consequences, I would never have contemplated getting involved.

A.Even if        B.Had        C.As long as        D. If

15.They managed to ______ the sound on TV every time the alleged victim's name was spoken.

A.deaden        B.deprive        C.punctuate        D.rebuff

16.He had been ______ to appear in court on charges of incitement of lawbreaking.

A.illuminated        B.summoned        C.prevailed        D.trailed

17.The computer doesn't ______ human thought; it reaches the same ends by different means.

A.flunk        B.renew        C.succumb        D.mimic

18.How about a glass of orange juice to ______ your thirst?

A.quench        B.quell        C.quash        D.quieten

19.The rain looked as if it had ______ for the night.

A.set off        B.set up        C.set out        D.set in

20.My aunt lost her cat last summer, but it ______ a week later at a home in the next village.

A. turned up        B.turned in        C.turned on        D.turned out

21.As is known to all, a vague law is always ______ to different interpretations.

A.invulnerable        B.immune        C.resistant        D. susceptible

22.The manager ______ facts and figures to make it seem that the company was prosperous.

A.beguiled        B.besmirched        C.juxtaposed        D.juggled

23.To our great delight, yesterday we received a(n) ______ donation from a benefactor.

A.handsome        B.awesome        C.miserly        D.prodigal

24.Students who get very high marks will be ______ from the final examination.

A.expelled        B.banished        C. absolved        D.ousted

25.It ______ me that the man was not telling the truth.

A. effects        B.pokes        C.hits        D.stirs

26.John glanced at Mary to see what she thought, but she remained ______.

A.manifest        B.obnoxious        C.inscrutable        D.obscene

27.My neighbor tended to react in a heat and ______ way.

A.impetuous        B.impertinent        C.imperative        D.imperceptible

28.This morning when she was walking in the street, a black car ______ beside her.

A.drew out        B.drew off        C.drew down        D. drew up

29.She decided to keep reticent about the unpleasant past and ______ it to memory.

A.attribute        B.allude        C.commit        D.credit

30.It did not take long for the central bank to ______ their fears.

A.soothe        B.snub        C.smear        D.sanctify

Part Ⅱ  Reading Comprehension 40 points

Directions There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A,B, C and        D.Choose the best answer and mark corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Jean left Alice Springs on Monday morning with regret, and flew all day in a “Dragonfly”' aircraft; and it was a very instructive day for her. The machine did not go directly to Cloncurry, but flew to and for across the wastes of Central Australia, depositing small bags of mail at cattle stations and picking up cattle-men and travelers to drop them off after a hundred or a hundred and fifty miles. They landed eight or ten times in the course of the day, at places like Ammaroo and Hatches Creek and many other stations; at each place they would get out of the plane and drink a cup of tea and have a talk with the station manager or owner, and get back into the plane and go on their way. By the end of the day Jean Paget knew exactly what a cattle station looked like, and she was beginning to have a very good idea of what went on there.

They got to Cloncurry in the evening, a fairly extensive town on a railway that ran eastward to the sea at Townsville. Here she was in Queensland, and she heard for the first time the slow deliberate speech of the Queensland that reminded her at once of her friend Joe Harman. She was driven into town in a very old open car and deposited at the Post Office Hotel; she got a bedroom but tea was over, and she had to go down the wide, dusty main street to a café for her evening meal. Cloncurry, she found, had none of the clean attractiveness of Alice Springs; it was a town which smelt of cattle, with wide streets through which to drive them down to the stockyard, many hotels, and a few shops. All the houses were of wood with red-painted iron roofs; the hotels had two floors, but very few of the other houses had more than one.

She had to spend a day here, because the air service to Normanton and Willstown ran weekly on a Wednesday. She went out after breakfast while the air was still cool and walked in one direction up the huge main street for half a mile till she came to the end of the town, then came back and walked down it a quarter of a mile till she came to the other end. Then she went and had a look at the railway station, and, having seen the airfield,with that she had seen all there was to see in Cloncurry. She looked in at a shop that sold toys and newspapers, but they were sold out of all reading matter except a few books about dress-making; as the day was starting to warm up she went back to the hotel. She managed to borrow a copy of the Australian Women's Weekly from the manageress of the hotel and took it to her room, and took off most of her clothes and lay down on her bed to sweat it out during the heat of the day. Most of the other citizens of Cloncurry seemed to be doing the same thing.

She felt like moving again shortly before tea and had a shower, and went out to the café for an ice. Weighed down by the heavy meal of roast beef and plum-pudding that the Queenslanders call “tea” she sat in a folding chair for a little outside in the cool of the evening, and went to bed again at about eight o'cock. She was called before daybreak, and was out at the airfield with the first light.

31.When Jean had to leave Alice Springs, she ______.

A.wished she could have stayed lodger

B.regretted she had decided to fly

C.wasn't looking forward to flying all day

D.wished it had not been a Monday morning

32.How did Jean get some idea of Australian cattle station?

A.She learnt about them at first hand.

B.She learnt about them from friends.

C.She visited them weekly.

D.She stayed on one for a week.

33.Jean's main complaint about Cloncurry in comparison with Alice Springs, was ______.

A.the width of the main street        B.the poor service at the hotel

C.the poor-looking buildings        D.the smell of cows

34.For her evening meal on the second day Jean had ______.

A.only an ice-cream        B.a lot of cooked food

C.some cold beer        D.a cooling, but non-alcoholic drink

35.Jean left Cloncurry ______.

A. early on Wednesday morning        B.late on Tuesday evening

C.after breakfast on Tuesday        D.before breakfast on Tuesday

Passage Two

It was unfortunate that, after so trouble-free an arrival, he should stumble in the dark as he was rising and severely twist his ankle on a piece of rock. After the first shock the pain became bearable, and he gathered up his parachute before limping into the trees to hide it as best he could. The hardness of the ground and the deep darkness made it almost impossible to do this efficiently. The pine needles lay several inches deep so he simply piled them on top of the parachute, cutting the short twigs that he could feel around his legs, and spreading them on top of the needles. He had great doubts about whether it would stay buried, but there was very little else that he could do about it.

After limping for some distance in an indirect course away from his parachute he began to make his way downhill through the trees. He had to find out where he was, and then decide what to do next. But walking downhill on a rapidly swelling ankle soon proved to be almost beyond his powers. He moved more and more slowly, walking in long sideways movements across the slope, which meant taking more steps but less painful ones. By the time he cleared the trees and reached the valley, day was breaking. Mist hung in soft sheets across the field. Small cottages and farm buildings grouped like sleeping cattle around a village church, whose pointed tower, pointed high into the cold winter air to welcome the morning.

“I can't go no further,” John Harding thought.  “Someone is bound to find me, but what can't I do? I must get a rest before I go on. Ther'll look for me first up there on the mountain where the plane crashed. I bet they're out looking for it already and they're bound to find the parachute in the end. I can't believe they won't. So they'll know I'm not dead and must be somewhere. They'll think I'm hiding up there in the trees and rocks so they'll look for me, so I'll go down to the village. With luck by the evening my foot will be good enough to get me to the border.”

Far above him on the mountainside he could hear the faint echo of voices, startling him after great silence. Looking up he saw lights like little pinpoints moving across the face of the mountain in the grey light. But the road was deserted, and he struggled along, still almost invisible in the first light, easing his aching foot whenever he could, avoiding stones and rough places, and limping quietly and painfully towards the village. He reached the church at last. A great need for peace almost drew him inside, but he knew that would not do. Instead, he limped along its wails towards a very old building standing a short distance from the church doors. It seemed to have been there for ever, as if it had grown out of the hillside. It had the same air of timelessness as the church. John Harding pushed open the heavy wooden door and slipped inside.

36.It is known from the passage that John Harding was ______.

A.an escaped prisoner

B.a criminal on the run from the police

C.an airman who had landed in an enemy country area

D.a spy who had been hiding in the forest

37.John Harding found it hard to hide his parachute because ______.

A.he got his ankle twisted severely

B.the trees did not give very good cover

C.the earth was not soft and there was little light

D.the pine needles lay too thick on the ground

38.In spite of his bad ankle John Harding was able to ______.

A.carry on walking fairly rapidly

B.walk in a direction that was less steep

C. bear the pain without changing direction

D.find out where he had landed

39.When John Harding got out of the forest he saw that ______.

A.it was beginning to get much lighter

B.washing was hanging on the lines in the village

C.the fields were full of sleeping cows

D.some trees had been cleared near the village

40.John Harding decided to go down to the village ______.

A.to find a doctor to see to his ankle        B. to be near the frontier

C.to avoid the search party        D.to find shelter in a building

Passage Three

A trade group for liquor retailers put out a press release with an alarming headline: “Millions of Kids Buy Internet Alcohol, Landmark Survey Reveals.”

The announcement, from the Wine and Spirits Wholesalers of America received wide media attention. On NBC's Today Show, Lea Thompson said, “According to a new online survey, one in 10 teenagers have an underage friend who has ordered beer, wine or liquor over the internet. More than a third think they can easily do it and nearly half think they won't get caught.” Several newspapers mentioned the study, including USA Today and the Record of New Jersey. The news even made Australia's Gold Coast Bulletin.

Are millions of kids really buying booze online? To arrive at that jarring headline, the group used some questionable logic to pump up results from a survey that was already tilted in favor of finding a large number of online buyer.

For starters, consider the source. The trade group that commissioned the survey has long fought efforts to expand online sales of alcohol; its members are local distributors who compete with online liquor sellers. Some of the news coverage pointed out that conflict of interest, though reports didn't delve more deeply into how the numbers were computed.

The Wine and Spirits Wholesalers of America hired Teenage Research Unlimited, a research company, to design the study. Teenage Research, in turn, hired San Diego polling firm Luth Research to put the questions to 1,001 people between the ages of 14 and 20in an online survey. Luth gets people to participate in its surveys in part by advertising them online and offering small cash awards—typically less than $ 5 for short surveys.

People who agree to participate in online surveys are, by definition, internet users, something that not all teens are.  (Also, people who actually take the time to complete such surveys may be more likely to be active, or heavy internet users. ) It's safe to say that kids who use the internet regularly are more likely to shop online than those who don't. Teenage Research Unlimited told me it weighted the survey results to adjust for age, sex, ethnicity and geography of respondents, but had no way to adjust for degree of internet usage.

Regardless, the survey found that, after weighting, just 2.1 points of the 1,001 respondents bought alcohol online—compared, with 56 points who had consumed alcohol. Making the questionable assumption that their sample was representative of all Americans aged 14 to 20 with access to the internet—and not just those with the time and inclination to participate in online surveys—the researchers concluded that 551,000 were buying alcohol online.

But that falls far short of the reported “millions of kids”. To justify that headline, the wholesalers' group focused on another part of the survey that asked respondents if they knew a teen who had purchased alcohol online. Some 12 points said they did. Of course, it's ridiculous to extrapolate from a state like that—one buyer could be known by many people, and it's impossible to measure overlap. Consider a high school of 1,000 students, with 20 who have bought booze on line and 100 who know about the purchases. If 100 of the school's students are surveyed at random, you'd expect to find two who have bought and 10 who know someone who has—but that still represents only two buyers, not 10.(Not to mention the fact that thinking you know someone who has ordered beer online is quite different from ordering a six pack yourself. )

Karen Gravois Elliott, a spokeswoman for the wholesalers' group, told me, “The numbers are real,” but referred questions about methodology to Teenage Research. When I asked her about the potential problems of conducting the survey online, she said the medium was a strength of the survey: “We specifically wanted to look at the teenage online population.”

Nahme Chokeir, a vice president of client service for San Diego-based Luth Research Inc., told me that some of his online panel comes from word of mouth, which wouldn't necessarily skew toward heavy internet users. He added that some clients design surveys to screen respondents by online usage, though Teenage Research didn't.

I asked Michael Wood, a vice president at Teenage Research who worked on the survey, whether one could say, as the liquor trade group did, that millions of teenagers had bought alcohol online. “You can't,” he replied, adding, “This is their press release.”

41.Which of the following is the message that this passage is trying to convey?

A.The severe social consequences of kids buying alcohol online.

B.The hidden drawback of the American educational system.

C.The influence of wide coverage of news media.

D.The problems in statistic methodology in social survey.

42.According to the author, what is wrong with the report about kids buying alcohol?

A.It is unethical to offer cash awards to subjects of survey.

B.The numbers in this report were falsified.

C. The samples and statistic methods were not used logically.

D.The study designers and survey conductors were bribed.

43.Which of the following words is closest in meaning to the word “extrapolate” in paragraph 8?

A.Conduct.        B. Infer.        C.Deduct.        D.Whittle.

44.By saying “To justify that headline, the wholesalers' group focused on another part of the survey that asked respondents if they knew a teen who had purchased alcohol online”, the author implies that ______.

A.it is absurd to conduct a survey among teenagers

B.the ways the wholesalers' group conducted surveys are statistically questionable

C.this kinds of survey is preliminary, therefore undependable

D.teenagers might not be honest since buying alcohol online is an indecent behavior

45.Which of the following is more likely to be the source for problems in this survey?

A.This survey is tilted in favor of local alcohol distributors, who have a conflict of interest with online sellers.

B.The data collection and analysis are not scientific and logical.

C.Subjects are not sampled in a right way and can not represent the whole American teenage population.

D.The survey results are affected by gifts to subjects, which can be misleading.

Passage Four

I had visited the capital before although my friend Arthur had not, I first visited London as a student, reluctantly released from the bosom of a tearful mum, with a traveling trunk stuffed full of home-made fruit cakes and woolly vests. I was ill-prepared for the Spartan standards of the South. Through even the grimmest post-war days, as kids we had ploughed our way through corner cuts of beef and steamed puddings. So you can imagine my dismay when I arrived, that first day, at my London digs to be faced with a plate of tuna-paste sandwiches and a thin slice of cake left curling under a tea-towel. And that was supposed to be Sunday lunch!

When I eventually caught up with my extremely irritating landlady, I met with a vision of splendor more in keeping with the Royal Enclosure at the races than the area in which she lived. Festooned with jewels and furs and plastered with exclusive cosmetics, she was a walking advert for Bond Street.

Now, we have a none too elegant but very apt phrase for this in the North of England, and it was the one my friend Arthur to describe London after three days there: “All fur coat and nothing underneath.”

Take our hotel. The reception area was plush and inviting, the lounge and diningroom poor enough to start Arthur speaking “properly”. But journey upstairs from one landing to the next, at the veneers of civilization fell away before your eyes. By the time we reached our room, all pretension to refinement and comfort had disappeared. The fur coat was off (back in the bands of the hire purchase company), and what we were really expected to put up with for a small fortune a night was exposed in all its shameful nakedness. It was little more than a garret, a shabby affair with patched and peeling walls. There was a stained sink with pipes that grumbled and muttered all night long and an assortment of furnishings that would have disgraced Her Majesty's Prison Service. But the crowning glory was the view from the window. A peek behind the handsome facade of our fabled city, rank gardens choked with rubbish, all the debris of life piled against the back door. It was a good job the window didn't open, because from it all arose the unmistakable odor of the abyss.

Arthur, whose mum still polishes her back step and disinfects her dustbin once a week, slumped on to the bed in a sudden fit of depression. “Never mind,” I said, drawing the curtains. “You can watch telly.” This was one of the hotel's luxuries, which in the newspaper ad had persuaded us we were going to spend the week in style. It turned out to be a yellowing plastic thing with a picture which rolled over and over like a floundering fish until you took your fist to it. But Arthur wasn't going to be consoled by any cheap technological gimmicks.

He was sure his dad had forgotten to feed his pigeons and that his dogs were pining away for him. He grew horribly homesick. After a terrible night spent tossing and turning to a ceaseless cacophony of pipes and fire doors, traffic, drunks and low-flying aircraft, Arthur surfaced next day like a claustrophobic mole. London had got squarely on top of him. Seven million people had sat on him all night, breathed his air, generally fouled his living space, and come between him and that daily quota of privacy and peace which prevents us all from degenerating into mad axemen or reservoir poisoners.

Arthur had to be got out of London for a while.

46.When the writer first came to the capital ______.

A.he had been very reluctant to leave his mother

B. his mother had not wanted him to leave home

C.he had made no preparations for his journey south

D.he had sent his possessions on ahead in a trunk

47.The writer was surprised at what he received for Sunday lunch because ______.

A. food had always been plentiful at home

B.he had been used to grimmer times at home

C.things had been difficult after the war up North

D.beef had always been available from the butcher on the corner at home

48.The landlady seemed to epitomize a phrase used in the North of England to indicate that things were ______.

A.tender underneath the surface        B. vulnerable to the outside world

C. more profound than they seemed        D.beautiful but only superficially

49.The room which the writer and his friend were to share ______.

A. was more suited to housing prisoners than hotel guests

B.had a magnificent view from one of its windows

C.had a door which provided access to a rubbish tip

D.was situated above some foul-smelling gardens

50.The writer feels that in order to remain sane, one needs a certain amount of ______.

A.physical exercise        B.fresh air

C.daily nourishment        D. breathing space

注意:以下各题的答案必须写在ANSWER SHEETⅡ上。

Part Ⅲ  Cloze 10 points

Directions Fill in each of the following blanks with ONE word to complete the meaning of the passage. Write your answer on ANSWER SHEET Ⅱ .

Now when I had mastered the language of this water, and had come to know every trifling features that bordered the great river as familiarly as I knew the letters of the alphabet, I had made a valuable acquisition. But I had lost something too. I had lost something which could never be   51   tome while I lived. All the grace, the beauty, the poetry had gone out of the majestic river! I still keep in   52   a certain wonderful sunset which I witnessed when steam-boating was new to me. A broad expanse of the river was turned to blood; in t he middle distance the red hue brightened into gold,   53   which a solitary log came floating black and conspicuous, in one place a long, slanting mark lay sparking upon the water; in   54   the surface was broken by boiling, tumbling rings, that were as many-tinted as an opal;   55   the ruddy flush was faintest, was a smooth spot that was covered with graceful circles and radiating lines, ever so delicately traced; the shore   56   our left was densely wooded and the somber shadow that   57   from this forest was broken in one place by a long, ruffled trail that shone like silver; and high   58   the forest wall a clean-stemmed dead tree waved a single leafy bough that glowed like a flame in the unobstructed splendor that was flowing from the sun. There were graceful curves, reflected images, soft distances; and over the whole scene,   59   and near, the dissolving lights drifted steadily enriching   60   every passing moment with new marvels of coloring.

Part Ⅳ  Translation 20 points

Directions: Put the following passage into English.

如果你是那种看着别人的生活就羡慕,对自己的生活提不起精神的人,也许你需要把握生活,做些改变。很多人每天从早到晚做同样的事情,对现状感到非常满足并很快乐。但是,如果你觉得自己的潜能被浪费,内心深处渴望更活跃刺激的生活,你就需要采取一些积极的行动。

你会觉得如果你处在另一种环境,你肯定会掌握好局面,为更宏大目标而努力。如果你真这样想过,那就不应该被无法改变的现状所难倒,不要为自己为什么不开始行动找借口,也不要为自己找为什么不去充分发挥潜能的理由了。

如果人满腹激情,也有能力干一番事业,就不要浪费自己的才能。停止抱怨,命运掌握在自己手里!现在该是人停止自欺欺人、认识到岸上的安全可能要比你所想的更具有破坏性的时候了。

Part Ⅴ  Writing 15 points

Directions Write a composition of about 200 words on the following topic. Remember to write your composition on ANSWER SHEET Ⅱ.

“My Views about Ambition Makes a Man”

 

复旦大学2007年博士研究生入学考试英语试题参考答案与解析

Part Ⅰ  Vocabulary and Structure

1.C

【解析】本题的回个选项中,keep up意为“维持,继续”;put up意为“举起,抬起,提供,建造”;stand up意为“坚持,经得起”;look up意为“仰望,查寻,拜访”。句意是,尽管假钞票欺骗了很多人,但是它们经不住仔细检查。所以正确的答案是C项,如The businessmen must stand up to the gang extortionists(商人必须勇敢面对帮派的勒索)。

2.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,split意为“撕裂,使破裂”;cracked意为“使爆裂,使破裂”;broke意为“打破,违犯,折断”;holed意为“凿洞”。句意是,当我弯腰去系鞋带时绷裂了裤子。所以正确的答案是A项,如My trousers split when I sat down(当我坐下时,裤子被撕开了)。

3.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,inanimate意为“死气沉沉的,没生命的,单调的”;rus tic意为“乡村的”;malleable意为“有延展性的,可锻的,可塑的”;shrunken意为“缩小的”。句意是,他那毫无生气的大腿不够强壮,难以支撑身体的重量。所以正确答案是A项,如A stone is an inanimate object(石头是无生命物体)。

4.B

【解析】本题的四个选项中,make for意为“走向,攻击,导致”;make out意为“书写,填写,理解”;make up意为“弥补,虚构,缝制”;make off意为“(尤指做了错事后)匆忙离开,逃走”。句意是,为了拿到游客们的支票,我必须给银行填写一个包含所有数目的特殊支票。所以正确答案是B项,如The teacher has made out a list of reference books(教师已开出了一份参考书单)。

5.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,paranoid意为“像偏执狂的;患偏执狂的”;putative意为“推定的,假定的,被公认的”;benign意为“(气候)良好的,仁慈的,和蔼的”;logistical意为“逻辑的,运筹的;后勤方面的”。句意是,她把食品分配和医药供应说成是一场后勤的噩梦。所以正确答案是D项。

6.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,mawkish意为“易流泪的,易伤感的”;fateful意为“重大的,决定命运的,致命的”;beloved意为“深爱的(人),钟爱的(人)”;perfunctory 意为“敷衍的;草率的;循例的”。句意是,一个悲惨而感伤的故事情节展开后,必然伴随着令人伤感的结局。所以正确答案是A项,如mawkish love story(伤感的爱情故事)。

7.C

【解析】本题的四个选项中,absurd意为“不合理的,荒谬的,可笑的,愚蠢的”;grimy意为“污秽的”;valiant意为“勇敢的,英勇的”;fraudulent意为“欺诈的,欺骗的”。句意是,尽管财政部长做了无畏的努力,但通货膨胀仍然上升到了36点。所以正确答案是C项,如He made a valiant attempt to rescue the child(他勇敢地试着去救那孩子)。

8.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,retrospect意为“回顾”,in retrospect意为“回顾往事;检讨过去”;disparity意为“不同,不等”;succession意为“连续”;dissipation意为“消散,浪费”。句意是,回顾过去,我希望我曾考虑过这个行动的不同方案。所以正确答案是A项,如One's school life seems happier in retrospect than in reality(学校生活回忆起来显得比实际上要快乐)。

9.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,attachment意为“附属(物);爱慕,依恋;忠诚”;distinction意为“区别,分清”;ingenuity意为“独创性,精巧,灵活性”;sadism意为“虐待狂,病态的残忍”。句意是,心理分析学家往往把虐待狂和受虐狂看做是童年剥夺感的结果。所以正确答案是D项。

10.C

【解析】本题的四个选项中,watery意为“水的,湿的”;wandering意为“徘徊的,流浪的”;weary意为“疲倦的,疲劳的”;wearing意为“使疲惫的,磨损的,令人厌倦的”。句意是,当老人看起来又累又疲倦时,年轻人的眼中露出恐惧。所以正确答案是C 项,如It was a long,weary journey(那是一个漫长的、令人疲惫不堪的旅程)。

11.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,harbinger意为“先驱,预兆”;allured意为“引诱;诱惑”;congested意为“充塞,充满”;lodge意为“寄宿(某人家),容纳,寄存”。句意是,皇家马德里和阿森纳之间的冲突是这个赛季的前奏。所以正确答案是A项。

12.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,load意为“负荷,重担,装载量”,a load of意为“大量,许多”;mob意为“暴民,乌合之众”;pack意为“包裹,背包”;flock意为“羊群,(飞禽,牲畜等的)群”。句意是,他所告诉我的是些明显的谎言。所以正确答案是A项,如To the reader's disappointment,the leading article in this issue of the magazine is a load of rubbish(这期杂志上的主要文章废话连篇,使读者大失所望)。

13.B

【解析】本题的四个选项中,out of work意为“失业的”;out of stock意为“无现货的,无库存的”;out of reach意为“够不着”;out of practice意为“久不练习,荒废”。句意是,我们很遗憾地通知您,您所订的材料暂无库存。所以正确答案是B项,如So many people have bought bikes that the store is now out of stock(那么多人买自行车,商店现在已经没货了)。

14.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,even if意为“即使”;had在这里是表示动词时态的助词;as long as意为“只要”;if意为“(表示条件)如果”。句意是,如果我意识到了后果,我就不会想参与进去了。所以正确答案是D项,如If I were you,I would never do that(如果我是你,我决不做那件事)。

15.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,deaden意为“使减弱,隔阻,防住”;deprive意为“剥夺,使丧失”;punctuate意为“加标点于”;rebuff意为“回绝”。句意是,每次宣布受害者的名字时,他们都试图减小电视的声音。所以正确答案是A项,如Two of these pills will deaden the ache(服两粒药就会缓解疼痛)。

16.B

【解析】本题的四个选项中,illuminated意为“照亮,照射,阐明,启发”;summoned意为“召唤,传唤,请求”;prevailed意为“流行,盛行,获胜”;trailed意为“拖,曳”。句意是,他因被控违法煽动而被传唤到庭。所以正确答案是B项,如They had to summon a second conference and change the previous decision(他们不得不召集第二次会议,改变以前的决定)。

17.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,flunk意为“失败,放弃,考试不及格”;renew意为“使更新,使复原,使恢复”;succumb意为“屈服,屈从,死”;mimic意为“模仿”。句意是,计算机没有模仿人类的思维,它依靠不同的方法来达到同样的效果。所以正确答案是D项,如The actor amused the audience by mimicking some well-known people(那位演员模仿某些名人,以此逗乐观众)。

18.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,quench意为“压制,抑制,止(渴)”;quell意为“镇压,平息,压制”;quash意为“取消;废除;镇压”;quieten意为“安静,抚慰”。句意是:来杯橘子汁解渴怎么样?所以正确答案是A项,如The disapproval of my colleagues quenched my enthusiasm for the plan(同事们的反对浇灭了我对这项计划的热情)。

19.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,set off意为“出发,动身”;set up意为“竖立,建造”;set out意为“出发,开始”;set in意为“开始,到来,上涨”。句意是,这雨好像从晚上就开始下了。所以正确答案是D项,如Spring has set in very early this year(今年春天来得很早)。

20.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,turn up意为“出现,发现,折起”;turn in意为“上缴,出卖”;turn on意为“打开,发动”;turn out意为“结果是,证明是”。句意是,去年夏天我姑姑丢失了一只猫,但是一周后它出现在邻村的一户人家里。所以正确答案是A项,如Something unexpected has turned up(发生了没有意料到的事情)。

21.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,invulnerable意为“不会受伤害的,无懈可击的”;immune意为“免疫的”;resistant意为“抵抗的,有抵抗力的”;susceptible意为“容许……的;易受影响的”。句意是,众所周知,一条含糊不清的法规总是容许有不同的解释。所以正确答案是D项,如This agreement is not susceptible to alteration(这一协议不容更改)。

22.D

【解析】本题选项的四个单词中,beguile意为“欺骗”;besmirch意为“弄脏,诽谤”;juxtapose意为“并置,并列”;juggle意为“歪曲,篡改”。句意是,公司经理歪曲事实并篡改数据,目的是使公司看起来一派繁荣。所以正确答案是D项,如The account ant went to prison for juggling his firm's accounts(会计因涂改公司的账目而入狱)。

23.D

【解析】本题的四个选项中,handsome意为“英俊的,大方的”;awesome意为“令人敬畏的,可怕的,有威严的”;miserly意为“吝啬的,贪婪的”;prodigal意为“极浪费的,丰富的,十分慷慨的”。句意是,令我们高兴的是,昨天我们从一位捐助者那里收到了大量的捐赠物。所以正确答案是D项。如The country has been prodigal of its forests (这个国家的森林正受过度的采伐)。

24.C

【解析】本题选项的四个单词中,expel意为“驱逐,开除”;banish意为“流放,放逐”;absolve意为“宣布免除”;oust意为“剥夺,取代,驱逐”。句意是,获得高分的学生将可免除期末考试。所以正确答案是C项,如They agree to absolve us from our obligation(他们同意免除我们的责任)。

25.A

【解析】本题选项的四个单词中,effect意为“造成,产生,招致”;poke意为“戳,刺,翻弄,干涉”;hit意为“打,打击,击中”;stir意为“搅拌,搅动”。句意是,那让我觉得那个男的没讲实话。所以正确答案是A项,如Rose tried to effect a reconciliation (罗斯试图进行调解)。

26.C

【解析】本题的四个选项中,manifest意为“明白的,清楚的”;obnoxious意为“令人非常不快的,讨厌的,可憎的”;inscrutable意为“难以了解的,不能预测的”;obscene意为“猥亵的,淫秽的”。句意是,约翰瞥了一眼玛丽想知道她在想什么,但是她仍旧保持着莫测高深的样子。所以正确答案是C项,如the inscrutable future(不可测的将来)。

27.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,impetuous意为“性急的,鲁莽的”;impertinent意为“无关的,鲁莽的,不相干的”;imperative意为“必要的,紧急的,极重要的”;imperceptible意为“察觉不出的,感觉不到的”。句意是,我的邻居易于用一种激烈、冲动的方式做出反应。所以正确答案是A项,如It was impetuous of her to do that(她竟做那种事,真是鲁莽)。

28.D

【解析】本题选项的四个词组中,draw out意为“抽出,拉长,使说出实情”;draw off意为“撤退,排除(水)”;draw down意为“招来,引致”;draw up意为“草拟,停住”。句意是,今天早晨当她在街上散步时,一辆黑色的轿车停在她的身边。所以正确答案是D项,如A truck drew up in front of the house(一辆卡车在房子前停下来)。

29.C

【解析】本题的四个选项中,attribute意为“把……归因于,把……归咎于”;allude 意为“暗指,间接提到”;commit意为“干(坏事),把……交托给,提交”;credit意为“信任,把……归给”。句意是,她决定要对不开心的过去保持缄默,并把它埋在回忆中。所以正确答案是C项,如The child was committed to the nurse's care(孩子被交给护士照顾)。

30.A

【解析】本题的四个选项中,soothe意为“使平静,安慰,使缓和或减轻”;snub意为“冷落,怠慢”;smear意为“涂上,抹掉,涂污,诽谤”;sanctify意为“使神圣”。句意是,中央银行没多久就缓解了人们的忧虑。所以正确答案是A项,如A hot cloth pressed against your jaw will usually soothe a toothache(把热毛巾放在下巴上一般能缓解牙痛)。

Part Ⅱ  Reading Comprehension

Passage One

31.B

【解析】细节题。文章第一段的第一句就说“Jean left Alice Springs on Monday morn ing with regret”,即琼在星期一的早晨带着遗憾离开了艾丽斯泉,所以正确答案是B项。

32.A

【解析】理解题。通读文章可知琼是通过自己的经历来了解牧场情况的,at first hand 意为“直接地”,所以正确答案是A项。

33.B

【解析】理解题。根据文中的内容可知,琼住在了邮局旅馆;她订了一个房间但已经不供应茶点了,所以她得沿着满是灰尘的大街走到一家咖啡馆来吃晚餐。因此她主要抱怨的是旅馆的服务。所以正确答案是B项。

34.B

【解析】细节题。根据文中的“Weighed down by the heavy meal of roast beef and plum pudding that…”可知,琼第二天的晚餐是丰盛的烤牛肉和葡萄干布丁。所以正确答案是B项。

35.A

【解析】推理题。从文中的内容可知,琼在星期一早晨离开了艾丽斯泉,晚上到了克朗克里,接着又在克朗克里过了一天,星期三早晨离开,所以正确答案是A项。

全文参考译文

琼在星期一早晨带着遗憾离开了艾丽斯泉,并且乘坐一架名为“蜻蜓”的飞机飞行了一整天。对她来说,这是非常有意义的一天。飞机并没有直接飞往克朗克里,而是穿越了澳大利亚中心地带的荒漠地区,在牧场存放了几个邮寄的小包裹,载送几个饲养员和游客到100或150英里以外的地方。在一天的航程中,飞机降落了八或十次,降落的地方有像Ammaroo和Hatches Creek这样的牧场,还有很多其他的牧场。在停降的每个地方,他们都要下飞机喝上一杯茶,和牧场管理员或是牧场主聊上几句,然后再回到飞机上继续他们的旅程。在这天结束的时候,琼对牧场的情况已经非常了解,而且她开始对牧场的发展有了很好的想法。

他们晚上到了克朗克里。克朗克里是一个面积很大的城镇,附近有条铁路向东通往位于汤斯维尔的大海。现在琼在昆士兰州,并且第一次听到了缓慢而从容不迫的昆士兰州的语言,这使她立刻想起了她的朋友乔·哈曼。琼乘坐一辆很旧的敞篷车来到城镇,住进了邮局旅馆;她订了一个房间但已经不供应茶点了,所以她得沿着满是灰尘的大街走到一家咖啡馆来吃晚餐。琼发现克朗克里没有一处像艾丽斯泉那样整洁而有吸引力的地方,它只是一个充满牲畜味的城镇。他们顺着宽阔的街道乘车经过了牲畜围栏、许多旅馆和几处商店。所有的房子都是木制的,屋顶铺的是漆成红色的铁皮;旅馆有两层,但是其他的房子几乎没有超过一层的。

琼必须在这里待一天,因为每周只有周三才有飞往Normanton和Willstown的航班。用过早餐后琼就出来了。天气仍然很凉,她沿着一条大街走了半英里,直到小镇的尽头。然后她又返回来沿街走了0.25英里的路程,直到来到小镇另一边的尽头。接着她又去火车站和飞机场看了看,就这样她把克朗克里所有该看的都看过了。琼往一家销售玩具和报纸的商店里看了看,但是除了几本关于制衣的书籍外,其他的读物都已卖完了。当天气开始变热时,她就返回了旅馆。她从旅馆经理那里借了本《澳大利亚妇女周刊》带回房间,接着把大部分衣服脱掉后躺在了床上,在炎热的一天中利用出汗来散热。克朗克里的多数市民似乎都在做着同样的事。

在吃茶点之前琼想再活动一下。她淋浴后去外面的咖啡馆吃了一杯冰淇淋。用过一餐丰盛的烤牛肉和葡萄干布丁(昆士兰州人把这叫做“茶点”)后,在凉爽的夜晚中琼在一张折叠椅上坐了一会儿,大约在晚上8点时她又回房间睡觉。在破晓前琼被叫醒,在第一缕曙光出现时来到飞机场。

长难例句分析

【难句1解析】The machine did not go directly to Cloncurry,but flew to and for across the wastes of Central Australia,depositing small bags of mail at cattle stations and picking up cattle-men and travelers to drop them off after a hundred or a hundred and fifty miles.

此句中的depositing和picking都使用的是动词的现在分词形式,做伴随状语。它所表达的动作或状态是伴随着主句中谓语动词的动作而发生或存在的。

【难句2解析】Here she was in Queensland,and she heard for the first time the slow deliberate speech of the Queensland that reminded her at once of her friend Joe Harman.

此句中前面两个分句是由and连接的两个并列句,句中that引导的是定语从句,其在从句中做主语。

Passage Two

36.C

【解析】推断题。从文中第一段的内容可知,约翰·哈丁收起降落伞,跛着脚走入树林,尽可能将降落伞藏好。由此可以推断出他是一个降落在敌对区域的飞行员,所以正确答案是C项。

37.C

【解析】细节题。根据文中的“The hardness of the ground and the deep darkness made it almost impossible to do this efficiently”可知:地面很坚硬,天又一片漆黑,这使他几乎不可能很好地完成这件事。所以正确答案是C项。

38.C

【解析】细节题。根据文中第三段的内容可知,尽管约翰·哈丁的脚踝扭伤了,但他认为自己必须往前走,所以正确答案是C项。

39.A

【解析】细节题。根据文中第二段的“By the time he cleared the trees and reached the valley,day was breaking.”可知,当他走出树林到达山谷的时候,天已经破晓了。所以正确答案是A项。

40.B

【解析】细节题。根据文中第三段的“With luck by the evening my foot will be good enough to get me to the border.”可知,约翰·哈丁到村庄里是想去边界。所以正确答案是B项。

全文参考译文

在顺利地着陆后,当他起身时却不幸地在黑暗中绊倒了,他的脚踝骨撞到一块石头上,并且严重地扭伤了。在经过开始时的剧痛后,疼痛感变得可以忍受了。他收起降落伞,跛着脚走入树林,尽可能将降落伞藏好。地面很坚硬,天又一片漆黑,这使他几乎不可能很好地完成这件事。堆在地上的松针有几英尺厚,所以他只需用松针盖在降落伞的上部。他又将腿周围的小树枝砍断,将它们铺在松树针的上面。他非常不确定降落伞能否就这样一直掩埋着,但是他也只能这样做了。

他沿着一条曲折的路线一瘸一拐地走了一段,离埋降落伞的地方也越来越远,接着他开始穿过树林下山。他得弄清楚自己所在的位置,然后再决定下一步怎么办。但是脚踝骨处迅速肿起来,他几乎无法靠自己的力量走下山去。他挪动得越来越慢,沿侧面穿过山坡。这让他得走更多的路,但却减轻了疼痛。当他走出树林到达山谷的时候,天已经破晓了。层层轻柔的薄雾笼罩在旷野上面,在村庄的教堂周围小农舍和农场建筑物像沉睡的牛群一样聚在一起。教堂的尖塔高高地指向冬日的空中,迎接清晨的来临。

“我必须往前走”,约翰·哈丁想,“肯定有人能发现我,但是有什么我不能做的呢?在我继续行进之前必须休息一下。他们首先会在飞机坠毁的山上找我,我敢断定他们已经在找了,而他们最后肯定会发现降落伞。我确信他们会找到。所以他们就会知道我没有死,肯定是在什么地方藏着。他们会认为我藏在树林和岩石丛里,因此他们会去寻找我。我要到村庄里去,幸运的话到晚上时我的腿会好到能支撑我走到边界的程度。”

在离他很远的山腰处能听到微弱的话语回音,这让经历了极度寂静后的他感到震惊。他向上看去,看到像针尖一样大的亮光在昏暗的日光中正在穿过山的一面。这是条荒废的路,他艰难地向前走着,在第一缕曙光中仍很难看清道路。无论何时,只要有机会他就会放松一下他那只疼痛的脚,并避免碰到石头和高低不平的地方。他静静地忍着疼痛向村庄一瘸一拐地走去,最后终于到了教堂。一种巨大的对平静的渴望吸引他差点走入教堂,但他知道不能那么做。相反,他沿着教堂的围墙向一个很古老的建筑物走去,它离教堂的门不太远,似乎一直矗立在那里,就像是从山里面长出来的。这座建筑物像教堂一样有着同样永恒的气氛。约翰推开了沉重的木门,跌跌撞撞地走了进去。

长难例句分析

【难句解析】But the road was deserted,and he struggled along,still almost invisible in the first light, easing his aching foot whenever he could, avoiding stones and rough places, and limping quietly and painfully towards the village.

本句前面部分是由and连接的两个并列句。invisible是形容词做伴随状语,后面的easing,avoiding和limping是现在分词做伴随状语。

Passage Three

41.D

【解析】综合题。综观全文,本文围绕一家酒类零售商商会发布的一则新闻标题展开分析,指出该社会调查在统计方法上所存在的问题。因此D项正确。

42.C

【解析】理解题。根据文中作者所述的内容可知,同意参加网上调查的人们是网络用户,但是并非所有的青少年都是这样(同样,真正花时间来完成这类调查的人也许更可能是活跃的或资深的网络用户)。另外,批发商商会询问被调查者们是否认识一位曾在网上购买过酒的青少年,约12%的人的回答是肯定的。从这种统计数据中做出推断是很荒谬的。因为一位购买者能被很多人所认识,而统计数字是不能重复计算的。因此可以说报告存在抽样和统计方法方面的问题。因此C项正确。

43.B

【解析】词汇题。extrapolate意为“推断,推知”。四个选项中,Conduct意为“引导,管理”;Infer意为“推断”;Deduct意为“扣除,演绎”;Whittle意为“削减,损害”。根据题意可知,B项为正确答案。

44.B

【解析】理解题。从文中的内容可知:假设受调查者代表了年龄在14到20岁的使用网络的所有美国青少年——而不仅仅是因为有时间和兴趣参加网上调查的那些人——调查者得出结论有551 000人在网上购酒。但是这个数字与报道中的“数百万的未成年人”还是有很大差距的。为了证实那个标题,批发商商会又将注意力集中在调查的另一部分。即作者是在暗示批发商商会进行的这次调查在统计上是可疑的。因此B项为正确答案。

45.A

【解析】细节题。从文中的内容可知,对于发起者来说,首先要考虑问题的起源。委托该项调查的商会长久以来一直反对扩大酒类饮品的网上销售,商会的成员是与网上酒类饮品销售者相竞争的地方酒类饮品批发商。一些新闻报道指出了那种利益冲突,尽管报道并没有深究这些数字是怎样得来的。从中可知A项为正确答案。

全文参考译文

一个酒类饮品零售商商会发布了一则新闻,其警示性标题为:“兰德梅克的调查显示,数百万的未成年人在网上买酒。”

来自美国葡萄酒和烈酒批发商商会的消息引起了广大媒体的关注。在美国国家广播公司的《今日秀》节目中,莉·汤普森说道:“根据最新的一项网上调查显示,1/10的青少年会有一个未成年朋友通过网络订购啤酒、葡萄酒或烈酒。超过1/3的青少年认为他们这么做很容易,几乎一半的青少年认为他们不会被抓住。”有几家报纸刊登了这项调查,包括《今日美国》和《新泽西时报》。这则新闻甚至在《澳大利亚黄金海岸公报》上也登了出来。

数百万的未成年人真的正在网上买烈酒吗?为了得出那个刺耳的标题,该商会利用有逻辑问题的调查推出结论,而该调查倾向于得出较大的网上购买者数目。

对于发起者来说,首先要考虑问题的起源。委托该项调查的商会长久以来一直反对扩大酒类饮品的网上销售,商会的成员是与网上酒类饮品销售者相竞争的地方酒类饮品批发商。一些新闻报道指出了那种利益冲突,尽管报道并没有深究这些数字是怎样得来的。

美国葡萄酒和烈酒批发商商会雇了一家青少年调查公司来谋划这项调查。该青少年调查公司转而又雇了圣迭戈民意测验公司——Luth调查公司,这家调查公司通过发放问题的方式对1 001名14到20岁的青少人进行了网上调查。Luth调查公司通过给被调查人在网上做广告或给予小额现金奖励的方式来使人们参与调查,而小的调查所付费用通常不会超过5美元。

按照定义,同意参加网上调查的人们是网络用户,但是并非所有的青少年都是这样(同样,真正花时间来完成这类调查的人也许更可能是活跃的或资深的网络用户)。可以有把握地说,经常使用网络的孩子比那些不经常使用网络的孩子在网上购物的可能性更大。青少年调查公司告诉我它的调查结果是根据被调查者的年龄、性别、种族和地理位置进行权衡的,但是还没办法根据网络资源的使用范围因素进行调整。

不管怎样,经过权衡各种影响因素后,这项调查发现在1 001名受调查者当中,有56%的人是酒类饮品的消费者,但只有2.1%的人在网上购买过酒。我们来做一个不是很准确的假设,即受调查者代表了年龄在14到20岁的使用网络的所有美国青少年——而不仅仅是因为有时间和兴趣参加网上调查的那些人——调查者得出结论有551 000人在网上购酒。

但是这个数字与报道中的“数百万的未成年人”还是有很大差距的。为了证实那个标题,批发商集团又将注意力集中在调查的另一部分,即询问被调查者们是否认识一位曾在网上购买过酒的青少年,约12%的人的回答是肯定的。当然,从这种统计数据中做出推断是很荒谬的。因为一位购买者能被很多人所认识,而统计数字是不能重复计算的。我们设想一下,一个中学里有1 000名学生,有20名学生在网上买过酒,而有100名学生认识这20位购买者。如果对学校里的100名学生进行随机调查,你会发现有2名学生在网上买过酒,而有10名学生认识这两个在网上买过酒的学生,但那仍然说明只有2名购买者,而不是10名。(何况还有一个事实是,你知道某人在网上订过啤酒和你自己订六罐啤酒是完全不同的。)

批发商商会的女发言人凯文·格雷沃斯·爱洛特告诉我“数据是真实的”,问题应归因于青少年调查公司的调查方法。当我问她实施网上调查存在的潜在问题时,她说手段是调查的力量之一,“我们确实想了解一下网上青少年的数量”。

Nahme Chokeir是圣迭戈Luth调查公司客户服务部的副经理,他告诉我他的一些网上座谈小组来源于口头传播,这样就不必倾向于资深的网络用户。他还补充道,一些客户设计调查时决定通过使用网络来筛选被调查者,尽管青少年调查公司没有这样做。

迈克尔·伍德是青少年调查公司的副经理,我问他一个人是否能说——像酒类饮品批发商商会说的那样——几百万的青少年在网上购买过酒。他回答说:“不能”。他又补充说:“这是他们发布的新闻。”

长难例句分析

【难句解析】Making the questionable assumption that their sample was representative of all Americans aged 1 4 to 20 with access to the internet—and not just those with the time and inclination to participate in online surveys—the researchers concluded that 551,000were buying alcohol online.

本句中,“the researchers concluded…”是主句。“Making…”是现在分词短语做状语,其中的that后面的句子是assumption的同位语从句。“and not just…online surveys”是对前面内容的补充说明。

Passage Four

46.B

【解析】细节题。根据第一段的内容可知,我第一次在伦敦旅行时还是个学生。当时我离开依依不舍的妈妈的怀抱,还提着一个装满了家里做的水果蛋糕和羊毛背心的旅行箱。因此B项正确。

47.A

【解析】理解题。根据第一段的内容可知:尽管是在战后最艰苦的日子,还是孩子的我们依然能吃到牛排和蒸布丁。因此可以想象得出,当我第一天到达伦敦寓所面对着一盘金枪鱼酱三明治和薄薄一片卷在茶巾下面的蛋糕时,我的心情有多沮丧。而那就是星期天的午餐!因此A项正确。

48.B

【解析】理解题。根据文中的内容可知,作者认为旅店女老板的装扮俗不可耐,而他的朋友亚瑟在那里待了三天后对伦敦的描述是:“所有的都是毛皮外套,里面什么都没有。”因此B项“易受外界抨击”正确。

49.A

【解析】理解题。根据文中的内容可知,作者和他的朋友的房间并不比顶楼大多少,四周是斑驳的墙壁。有一个褪了色的水池,水管整夜响个不停,摆放的几件家具会玷污英国监狱局。因此A项正确。

50.D

【解析】理解题。根据文中倒数第二段的内容可知,日常的隐私和平静可以保护我们不会堕落成疯狂的用斧者或水库下毒者,即一个人需要休息的场所和喘息的时间,因此D 项正确。

全文参考译文

尽管我的朋友亚瑟没有来过英国的首都,但我以前已经参观过这个地方了。我第一次在伦敦旅行时还是个学生。当时我离开依依不舍的妈妈的怀抱,还提着一个装满了家里做的水果蛋糕和羊毛背心的旅行箱,那时我还没有为南方斯巴达人的标准做好准备。尽管是在战后最艰苦的日子,还是孩子的我们依然能吃到牛排和蒸布丁。因此可以想象得出,当我第一天到达伦敦寓所面对着一盘金枪鱼酱三明治和薄薄一片卷在茶巾下面的蛋糕时,我的心情有多沮丧。而那就是星期天的午餐!

当我终于与那位令人极其不愉快的旅馆老板娘见面时,我见到了一幅壮观的景象。这种景象应该出现在皇家赛马会上,而不是她住的地方。她浑身珠光宝气,穿着皮衣,脸上涂着高档化妆品,简直是邦德街上的活广告。

现在,我们有一个一点也不优雅但却非常贴切的词语来形容英国北部的这种情形,并且这是我的朋友亚瑟在那里待了三天后对伦敦的描述:“所有的都是毛皮外套,里面什么都没有。”

再来看一下我们的旅馆。接待区既豪华又引人入胜,休闲室和餐厅实在够破的,就像亚瑟说的“够彻底”。但随着我们一层一层楼梯地向上走,文明的外表在眼前消失了。等到我们到达房间时,虚伪的优雅和舒适不见了。裘皮大衣没有了(回到了租购信贷公司那里),而我们真正要忍受的是一晚上都要处于这破败的房间中。这里并不比顶楼大多少,四周是斑驳的墙壁。这儿有一个褪了色的水池,水管整夜响个不停,摆放的几件家具都会玷污英国监狱局。但是最耀眼的还是来自于窗外的景色。如果你在这个有着堂皇表面的传说中的城市后面看一眼,就会发现繁茂的花园在废弃物中窒息,生活中扔掉的垃圾堆放在后门。没有开窗是幸运的,因为所有极其难闻的气味一定会飘进来。

亚瑟的妈妈每周都会擦一下后面的台阶,给她的垃圾箱消毒,但是现在亚瑟突然很沮丧地躺在了床上。“没关系,”我说道,一边把窗帘拉上,“你可以看电视。”这是旅馆的奢侈品之一,在报纸的广告中它使我们相信,我们将成功地在这儿度过一周。其实它只是个略带黄色的塑料制品,上面的一幅图画反复不停地转着,就像一条挣扎的鱼,直到你把拳头对着它。但是亚瑟不会因任何廉价的科技小玩意儿就得到安慰。

他确信爸爸会忘了喂他的鸽子,他的狗会因想念他而消瘦,他变得十分想家。在度过一个可怕的夜晚后——这个夜晚伴随着各种混杂在一起的不停息声音,比如水管、炉门、运输车辆、醉汉和低空飞过的飞机的声音,这使他辗转反侧,难以入睡——第二天的亚瑟看起来像一只患了幽闭恐惧症的鼹鼠。伦敦在他上面变成方形,700万人整夜地责备他,呼吸着他的空气,弄脏了他住的地方,并干扰了他日常必要的私密和平静,而这些私密和平静可以保护我们不会堕落成疯狂的用斧者或水库下毒者。

亚瑟不得不暂时离开伦敦一段时间。

长难例句分析

【难句解析】When I eventually caught up with my extremely irritating landlady,I met with a vision of splendor more in keeping with the Royal Enclosure at the races than the area in which she lived.

本句的句首是由when引导的时间状语从句。主句是“I met with…”,其中的“more…than”意为“与其说是……不如说是……”,in keeping with意为“与……一致”。

Part Ⅲ  Cloze

51.restored

【解析】本题空格处是说,我丢失了一些一生都无法复得的东西。restore意为“恢复,使回复,归还”,符合题意。

52.mind

【解析】本题空格处是说,我仍记得那种令人惊叹的日落。keep in mind意为“记住”,因此应填mind。

53.through

【解析】本题空格处是一个定语从句,其形式为“介词+关系代词”,因此这里应填“through”。

54.another

【解析】本题空格处的前面有“in one place”,因此这里应为“in another”,所以应填“another”。

55.where

【解析】本题空格处是说红晕最暗淡的地方。这是一个由where引导的主语从句。

56.on

【解析】本题空格处是说我们左边的河岸。“on our left”意为“在我们左边”。

57.fell

【解析】本题空格处是说树林投下的浓荫。fall意为“落下,掉下”,符合题意。

58.above

【解析】本题空格处是说在高高的林墙之上。above意为“在……上方”,符合题意。

59.far

【解析】far and near为固定短语,意为“到处”,符合题意。

60.it

【解析】本题空格处是说“落日的余晖正渐消逝,向大地倾泻下瞬息万变的异彩奇光”。因此应填it。

Part Ⅳ  Translation

【参考译文】

If you are that kind of person who admire others' lives and is low-spirited to your own life, perhaps you need to hold your life and make some changes. Many people repeat the same thing from morning till night and feel very contented with the status quo happily. However, if you consider your potential is squandered and you long for more active and exciting life deeply in your heart, you need to take some positive action.

You would feel that if you are in another environment, you will be sure to predominate the complexion and make great efforts for more magnificent target. If you really thought about this, you shouldn't be daunted by unalterable status quo, find excuses for the reason why you don't make a move and exert your potential fully.

If a person is full of passion, and is capable of making a career, he shouldn't waste his capacity. Stop complaining and you are in control of your own destiny! It is high time that you should stop your self-delusion and become aware of the safety on the shore that is possibly more devastating than you can imagine.

Part Ⅴ  Writing

【参考例文】

My Views about Ambition Makes a Man

Ambition is a kind of strength that facilitates the unceasing progress of the world we live.

On the one hand, there is a mutual idea among some people that ambition plays an important role in our society. Because of it, human beings make full use of resources on the earth and set up current world with high civilization. If ambition disappears from our mind, we cann't imagine what the world will look like. Ambition that isn't equal to that unmeaning fancy can be realized by people with self-discipline and constant efforts. For a family, ambition is also indispensable for husbands and wives who have common desire of making their folks live in happiness. Especially when it concerns with their children, ambition becomes more significant because parents are always full of great hopes for their children's future.

On the other hand, some people hold the idea that ambition is something unnecessary to possess because success is merely a kind of fortune. In their opinion, the world would be more peaceful if people don't have so many desires, hopes or disappointments. With no ambition people would consider more for the collectivity rather than try all ways. to content their private lust, war or conflict wouldn't company with human development anymore. However, people with such an idea are accustomed to fade life and they repeat the same things from morning until night and surely their achievements are much less than those with strong ambition.

So in sum, whether we have ambition leads to our own destiny in the future.